The degree programme came into being in 1988. The programme is designed to expose students to the problem of climate, hydrology and water resources management as it affects agricultural production and the environment in general.
The curriculum has been reviewed twice, the first review was in 1993 and the second was in 2002. This is to make the programme meet the demands of possible employers of labour. To prepare students for specialization at a higher degree level, the last review (2002 revision) has introduced options at the 400 level.
The Options are:
(i) Water Resources Management and Hydrology.
(ii) Agricultural Meteorology.
Currently, courses are mounted in climatology, theoretical and applied meteorology, hydrology and water resources management as well as some aspects of water resources engineering. In addition, courses in other relevant applied areas have been mounted.
PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES
The primary philosophy that guides the training of students under this programme is the production of skilled manpower that is furnished with the comprehensive information required to:
(i) Handle the problems of water resources in the area of distribution and availability, management and mode of extraction for domestic agricultural and industrial uses. It will also provide basic training required in the sustainable development of drainage basins. Thus, introductory and core courses including practical are mounted in hydrological processes and analysis as well as in water resources development and management.
(ii) Handle the problems of climate as it affects agricultural practices, including specific effects on animal production, food crop production, forestry and aquaculture production. Furthermore, it will provide the basic training needed for understanding current environmental problems on land, ocean and atmosphere. Introductory and core courses, including practical, are mounted in climatological processes and analyses, basic meteorology/climatology and applied aspects as related to water resources, agriculture and environment in general.
From the philosophy stated above, the major objectives of the programme are:
(i) To develop an effective and operational method of water resources exploration and exploitation for improving the quantity and quality of potable water and eradicate water related diseases.
(ii) To produce competent manpower with adequate practical background in the development and management of water resources schemes in the area of exploration, exploitation, quality monitoring as well as distribution for municipal, industrial and agricultural uses.
(iii) To contribute to the achievement of the national goal on food security and poverty alleviation through objective assessment of impact of climate change, climate variability and extremes on agriculture and the livelihood of peasant farmers.
(iv) To evolve effective ways of preventing and reducing climate related agricultural losses (crops and animals) and protecting agricultural land resources from ecological degradation arising from meteorological hazards.
(v) To enhance the development of suitable techniques for accurate prediction of weather elements which affect farm planning and operation as well as post harvest storage.
(vi) To produce competent manpower with adequate practical background and basic knowledge of the climatic environment and its effects on terrestrial ecosystem and man's agricultural endeavor, including marine and aeronautical enterprises. General expectations include ability to make reliable seasonal weather forecast for the schedule of farm operations and agricultural practices in general.